Badgley #904

Anthony Badgley (1660-1715)

Born in England.  Arrived in New York between 1676-87 and

Elizabeth Thorne (1673-1710)

Born in New York.

Badgley #904

Some of the information on this family was obtained from Royalist Clarks, Badgleys, and Allied Families: Ancestors and Descendants of Mathias and Rachel (Abbott) Badgley by Estelle Clark Watson (Rutland, Vermont: Tuttle Publishing Company), no date indicated.

Researchers of the English origins of the Badgley family have encountered many spelling variants of this surname in old records. These include Baddesley, Badersly, Bageley and many others.  Research done in the 19th and early 20th century established a John Baggaleigh who came from France with the Norman Invasion of 1066.  He was given a land grant in the vicinity of present-day Manchester, where he established a place called Baggeleigh, now Baguley[1] (pronounced Bagley).  This would also account for the presence of many Badgley-related surnames in this region.

Bakewell, Derbyshire: All Saints’ parish church as viewed from the south

Anthony Badgley was probably born in 1660 at Bakewell, Derbyshire, England, which is where his parents, George Badgley (1616-1670) and Alicia Turner (1618-1670) are said to have been born and died in England.  There is nothing in the Derbyshire records to suggest that Anthony was a man of consequence in England or from a locally important family – no Badgley is mentioned as any sort of office-holder, for example.  The only mention of any Badgley is when a Stephen Badgley was taken to court accused of poaching on another man’s mining claim.  We don’t know the circumstances that may have led Anthony to emigrate, but it is not unreasonable to suspect that it was related to the political turmoil in England around the time of the Glorious Revolution of 1688[2].

Anthony Badgley settled at Flushing, Long Island, New York near the end of the seventeenth century.  The destruction of all old town records of Flushing prevents our knowing the exact date of his arrival or from whence he came, although various sources cite dates between 1676-1688.  A Badgley (presumably Anthony) was living in “Bruecklin” (Brooklyn, New York) in 1687, when he took an oath of allegience there.  We also know that in 1698 there was made An Exact List of all Ye Inhabitants Names within Ye Towne of Flushing and P’cincts of Old and Young freemen and Servants White & Blacke c.  In this list we find the following entry: Anthony Badgley and his wife Elizibeth, Anthony, Georg, Phebe and 1 negro.  They are listed in the town census in the “Dutch” section (leading some to speculate that Anthony’s wife may have been Dutch – see note below regarding the controversy over whether Elizabeth Thorne was actually the wife of Anthony Badgley).

It seems he was in relatively comfortable circumstances.  In 1707, Anthony and thirteen other men[3] purchased from the Indians, for £200 in cash and goods, 170,000 acres, called the Markseta Colinnge.  This land lay some 30 or 40 miles northwest of Elizabethtown, New Jersey.  Anthony Badgley’s share was one-fourteenth.  Although he never lived there, several of his children (including sons James, George and John) evidently did settle there.  In 1711, Badgley’s taxes were 23 lbs. of bacon, 6 bu. of wheat, and 1 bu. Indian corn.  By 1751 this land had not yet been laid out and divided.  In July 1711 there was compiled An account of each inhabitant of Flushing provisions as foloweth, £20 being the tax rate for the year.  Anthony Badgley‘s share was twenty-three pounds of bacon, six bushels of wheat and one bushel of Indian (corn).  He was sergeant in Captain Jonathan Wright’s Company of militia in 1715.  He probably died within a few years of that date, as no further mention of his name appears in the records.

According to one source, Badgley Family History by Maxine Phelps Lines (1957), Anthony Badgley came to America from England in 1676, and he was married in New York in 1678 to (1st) Hannah Marshall, a Long Island Quaker.  She died without children.

Anthony in about 1692 subsequently married (2nd) Elizabeth Thorne[4], born 1664 probably in Flushing, New York and died 1710 in New Rochelle, Westchester County, New York.  Her ancestry is discussed under the heading of William Thorne (1617-1657).  They had the following children:

  1. George, born 1693 in Flushing, New York and died in 1759 in Elizabethtown, New Jersey. He married Rachel Mary Hatfield in 1717.  She was born 1696 in Elizabethtown, New Jersey and died August 1793, the daughter of Cornelius Hatfield and Sarah Force[5]. George Badgley was a land owner at Elizabethtown, and lived there till his death.  He is said by a descendant to have been a ship’s carpenter and to have met his death by drowning, notwithstanding, considerable local fame as a swimmer.  He left no will and on 19 Sep 1759, letters of administration on his estate were granted to his son George.  His widow lived to an advanced age and was buried in the churchyard of the Presbyterian Church at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, but no stone marks her grave.
  2. Anthony (1695-1732)
  3. Phebe (1696-1776)
  4. Sarah (1698-1785)
  5. James Badgley (about 1700-1777), see below
  6. John (1700-1759).  He settled in New Jersey and was father of Anthony (1720-1775) who in 1768 moved to Hardy County, Virginia (now West Virginia).
  7. Elizabeth (1701- )

James Badgley was born about 1700 in Flushing, New York and died 17 Jul 1777 in Elizabethtown, New Jersey.  In 1726 he married Hannah Kelsey, born about 1700 in Elizabethtown, New Jersey and died 18 Jul 1777.  James settled at the top of the “first mountain”, next to his brother John, in what is now Mountainside (Elizabeth, New Jersey).  James and John had 400 acres along Blue Brook.

James Badgley and Hannah Kelsey had four children:

  1. James (1724- ), married Sarah.
  2. Joseph (1727-1785), married Betsey Scudder.
  3. Anthony (1733-1803), married Anne Woodruff.  Their son Noah (1765-1798) was one of the 26 founders of Losantiville[6] (now Cincinnati), Ohio.  Noah drowned in the Licking River without being married.
  4. Robert Badgley, born about 1740 and died 22 May 1783, both in Elizabeth, New Jersey.  He married Rachel Vreeland, born 18 May 1738 in Elizabeth, New Jersey and died about 1804 in College Hill, Hamilton County, Ohio.  Rachel moved to Ohio with her children after her husband’s death.
College Hill is a neighborhood of Cincinnati, Ohio.

College Hill is a neighborhood of Cincinnati, Ohio.

 

The Battle of Springfield, 1780: As the American artillery ran low on wadding, James Caldwell, the Continental Army chaplain who had lost his wife during the Battle of Connecticut Farms, brought up a load of hymn books published by English clergyman Isaac Watts to use instead. “Give ‘em Watts, boys!”, he advised.

According to an application filed with the Sons of the American Revolution (SAR #21345, application of Edwin McCumber Skinner accepted 20 Oct 1909, Empire State Society), Robert Badgley was a private in Capt. Chandler’s company of the First Essex County New Jersey militia.  He participated in the Battle of Springfield[7] (New Jersey) in 1780.

The children of Robert Badgley and Rachel Vreeland and approximate dates of birth are: Enoch (1762), Robert[8] (1763), Hannah (1764), Sarah (1767), William (1769), Rachel Badgley (1770) and Phebe (1775).

Rachel Badgley was born 10 Oct 1770 in Elizabeth, New Jersey and died 31 Oct 1843 in Ohio.  On 30 Sep 1798 in Carthage, Ohio, she married James Watkins, her second husband[9].  He was born 30 Jul 1768 in Elizabeth, New Jersey and died 4 Jan 1849 in Carthage, Ohio.  Their lineage is continued under the heading of Thomas Watkins (1629-1689).


[1] Baguley is a locality in Wythenshawe, and an electoral ward of the city of Manchester in North West England. Historically within Cheshire, the town is mentioned as Bagelei in the Domesday Book of 1086.

[2] The Glorious Revolution, also called the Revolution of 1688, is the overthrow of King James II of England (James VII of Scotland and James II of Ireland) by a union of English Parliamentarians with the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange). William’s successful invasion of England with a Dutch fleet and army led to his ascending the English throne as William III of England jointly with his wife Mary II of England. King James’s policies of religious tolerance after 1685 met with increasing opposition by leading political circles who were troubled by the King’s Catholicism and his close ties with France. The crisis facing the king came to a head in 1688, with the birth of the King’s son, James Francis Edward Stuart. This disrupted the existing line of succession by displacing the heir presumptive, his daughter Mary, a Protestant and the wife of William of Orange, with young James as heir apparent. The prospect of a Roman Catholic dynasty in the kingdoms was now likely. Key leaders of the Tories united with members of the opposition Whigs and set out to resolve the crisis by inviting William of Orange to England, which the stadtholder, who feared an Anglo-French alliance, had indicated as a condition for a military intervention. After consolidating political and financial support, William crossed the North Sea and English Channel with a large invasion fleet in November 1688, landing at Torbay. After only two minor clashes between the two opposing armies in England, and anti-Catholic riots in several towns, James’s regime collapsed. In England’s geographically-distant American colonies, the revolution led to the collapse of the Dominion of New England and the overthrow of the Province of Maryland’s government. The Revolution permanently ended any chance of Catholicism becoming re-established in England. For British Catholics its effects were disastrous both socially and politically: Catholics were denied the right to vote and sit in the Westminster Parliament for over a century, were denied commissions in the army; the monarch was forbidden to be Catholic or to marry a Catholic, a prohibition that continues as of the date of this writing (2011). The Revolution led to limited toleration for nonconformist Protestants, although it would be some time before they had full political rights. It has been seen as the last successful invasion of England. It ended all attempts by England in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century to subdue the Dutch Republic by military force. However, the resulting economic integration and military co-operation between the English and Dutch Navies shifted the dominance in world trade from the Dutch Republic to England and later to Great Britain.

[3] Among the other “proprietors” were Nathaniel Bommell, Richard Townley, William Nickoll, William Urquhart, Ebeneser Wilson, Lancaster Symes and Conningsby Norbury.

[4]  At least one source questions whether Elizabeth Thorne was in fact the wife of Anthony Badgley. Although his wife’s name is known to be Elizabeth, her surname may be in doubt, and there is some evidence that Elizabeth Thorne may be the wife of Frederich Schuerman. Details are provided in the book Shuremans of New York compiled by Richard Wynkoop (Knickerbocker Press, New York) 1903, concerning the marriage of Elizabeth Thorne, daughter of John Thorn and his wife Mary (Pearsall). This document states that John Thorn of Flushing, New York, in his Will dated 5 Jan 1697 (proved 23 Jul 1709) mentions his wife Mary, and, among other children, Elizabeth Schuerman. More research is needed before this inconsistency can be resolved.

[5] This makes Rachel Mary Hatfield the wife of my 6th g-grand uncle. She is also the 1st cousin 9x removed of my Hetfield cousins (Walter, Elizabeth “Betsy”, Katherine and Margaret “Peggy”).  Cornelius Hatfileld is the brother of the Hetfield cousins’ 9th g-grandfather, Mathias Hatfield (1640-1687).

[6] Cincinnati was founded in 1788 by John Cleves Symmes and Colonel Robert Patterson. Surveyor John Filson (also the author of The Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boone) named it “Losantiville” from four terms, each of a different language, meaning “the city opposite the mouth of the Licking River”. Ville is French for “city”, anti is Greek for “opposite”, os is Latin for “mouth”, and “L” was all that was included of “Licking River”. In 1790, Arthur St. Clair, the governor of the Northwest Territory, changed the name of the settlement to “Cincinnati” in honor of the Society of the Cincinnati, of which he was a member. The society honored General George Washington, who was considered a latter day Cincinnatus, the Roman farmer who was called to serve Rome as dictator, an office which he resigned after completing his task of defeating the Aequians in no less than 16 days, and was considered the role model dictator. To this day, Cincinnati in particular, and Ohio in general, are homes to a statistically significant number of descendants of Revolutionary War soldiers who were granted lands in the state as payment for their war service.

[7] The Battle of Springfield was fought during the American Revolutionary War on 23 June 1780. This was one of the last major engagements of the Revolutionary War in the north and effectively put an end to British ambitions in New Jersey. Because the decisive battles of the war moved further south, Springfield became known as the “forgotten victory.” Washington praised the role of the New Jersey Militia in the battle, writing, They flew to arms universally and acted with a spirit equal to anything I have seen in the course of the war.

[8] Robert (Jr.) was an early settler of Cumminsville. Ohio, where he built a log cabin in 1795 (torn down in 1911) at the foot of Otte Avenue.

[9] Rachel Badgley was married first to Benjamin Utter (born about 1770) in 1796 in New Jersey. Nothing more is known of him, but he evidently died rather young leaving Rachel a widow.  It is from this man that Rachel’s son with James Watkins obtained the name Benjamin Utter Watkins.

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