Lord #8014

Thomas Lord #8014 is the same as Thomas Lord #5270 (paternal line).

Thomas Lord (1585-1667)

Born in England.  Arrived in Massachusetts in 1635 and later settled in Connecticut and

Dorothy Bird (1588-1676)

Born in England.  Arrived in Massachusetts in 1635 and later settled in Connecticut.

Lord #8014

I am descended from Thomas Lord and Dorothy Bird on both my father’s side and my mother’s side[1].  This means that through this line, my parents are each other’s 10th cousin, and I am a 10th cousin 1x removed of both of my parents.  Thomas Lord #8014 (discussed below) is the same as Thomas Lord #5270 (paternal line).

Kenneth Lord has written a comprehensive account of the family of Thomas Lord, which is an excellent source of information[2].

Another helpful resource I discovered while researching this ancestor is a website created by Phil Lord of Averill Park, New York, an 11th generation direct male line descendant.  Anyone interested in this family should visit his site.  His discussions of the Lord “Coat of Arms” and information on colonial residential architecture are especially interesting.  With Phil’s permission I have borrowed some of his material from: http://www.living-in-the-past.com/.

I am descended from Thomas Lord and Dorothy Bird through two of their daughters:

  1. Anna Lord, my 9th g-grandmother (paternal), is discussed under the heading of Thomas Stanton (1616-1677).
  2. Dorothy Lord, my 9th g-grandmother (maternal) is discussed under the heading of John (of Westfield) Ingersoll (1626-1684).
The door to the ancient St. Lawrence Parish Church in Towcester where Thomas Lord and his family were baptized and worshipped (photo by Phil Lord, 1993).

The door to the ancient St. Lawrence Parish Church in Towcester where Thomas Lord and his family were baptized and worshipped (photo by Phil Lord, 1993).

Thomas Lord was born about 1585 at Towcester [pronounced “toe-stir”], Northamptonshire, England.  On 23 Feb 1610, he married Dorothy Bird at Petersborough[3] (near Towcester).  Dorothy was baptized 25 May 1588 at Towcester.  In 1632, Thomas’ eldest son Richard, then about 21 years of age, sailed for America.  Savage (in his Genealogical Dictionary[4]) says that his father “perhaps had sent him to look out the most desirable place for his friends[5], Gov. Haynes and Rev. Thomas Hooker,” who came over in 1633 with “one hundred other passengers of importance to the colony”.  Richard settled in Newtown, Massachusetts (later known as Cambridge).

Thomas embarked at London 19 Apr 1635 in the Elizabeth & Ann[6] with his wife, Dorothy Bird, and their children[7] (with approximate ages[8]): Thomas (age l6), Ann Lord (14), William (12), John (10), Robert (9), Aymie (6) and Dorothy Lord (4).  On the ship’s passenger list, Thomas is identified as a “Smith” (metalworker).  The ship arrived at Boston midsummer 1635.  They were in Boston or Cambridge, Massachusetts for about a year, then joined the “Hooker Party[9]” in 1636 and were the original settlers of Hartford, Connecticut.  The names of Thomas Lord and his sons Richard and Thomas (Jr.) are inscribed on the Founders Monument in that city.

Thomas Lord was an original proprietor at Hartford, and his homelot in 1639 was on the highway on the bank of the Little River (now Wells Street).  The location of the Lord lots as mapped in 1640 is easy to determine because the original primitive streets and lanes have merely been built over and improved over the centuries, retaining their 17th century pattern.  The 1640 Lord lots occupied a block bordering a curve of the Little River.  That exact same block can easily be seen in later street maps of Hartford.  At that time the Little River still ran as an open stream.  In the 20th century the river was run underground and the only remnant today is an elongated pond in Bushnell Park to the north.  However, the curving edge of that block has remained, and on it has been built an unusual curving modern condominium building. The street today runs on the path of the river 400 years ago, and the location of the Lord houses would be more or less at the base of that curved building.

Click images to enlarge:

Thomas Lord remains a shadowy figure, both in Towcester and in Hartford.  He is rarely mentioned in the colonial records, and then only to attribute land rights to him.  Most likely by the time he got settled at Hartford, c. 1640, he was too old to be actively involved in either his trade or community life.  One confusion that arises in genealogical summaries is that references to “Thomas Lord” are often really references to his son, Thomas Lord (Jr.), who seems to have had a much more active and visible role in Connecticut history.  Although Thomas was the partiarch of the family, it is clear that his oldest son, Richard, was de facto leader in matters concerning the relocation of the family to Hartford.

Monument to Thomas Lord in the cemetery of Centre Church in Hartford.  The stone was placed in 1897 and may have replaced an earlier monument.

Monument to Thomas Lord in the cemetery of Centre Church in Hartford. The stone was placed in 1897 and may have replaced an earlier monument.

Thomas’ date of death is not known[10], but since his wife, Dorothy, died 2 Aug 1676, and as she does not mention her husband in her will, it may be assumed that he probably predeceased her.  In her will, Dorothy named her eldest living son William, and her grandson by her deceased son Richard (also named Richard[11]) as executors of her will, confirming her husband Thomas, her eldest son Richard and her next oldest son Thomas (Jr.) were all dead prior to the date of the will (8 Feb 1669/70).  As each of her children had their own heirs, we may assume that the properties described in her will were those also of her husband, Thomas Lord, and passed directly to her as his survivor, although one early source suggests Thomas died intestate and what Dorothy describes is only her “widow’s share”.  We have no way of knowing.  Her will speaks of that litle estate the Lord hath lent me.  Yet, besides disposing of a dwelling house and Barn and a Home lott, it devises a lower lott in the North meadow, several acres constituting an upper lott in the long meadow, together with wood land that is allready layd out or to be layd unto me within the Bounds of Hartford, beside Moveable estate and Cattell in five portions, and various household-stuff distinctive of a gentlewoman to a considerable amount, including a silver drinking bowl.

The children of Thomas Lord and Dorothy Bird (all born in Towcester, Northhamptonshire, England – dates of birth are approximate based on baptism records) are listed as follows: (1) Thank Ye[12] (or Thankful), born 1610, was the only child not to sail on the Elizabeth & Ann in 1635.   She was already married by 1632, and she emigrated at a later date with her husband, Ralph Shepherd.  She died in 1693 at Malden, Massachusetts; (2) Richard, born 5 Jan 1611/12.  He married Sarah Graves in 1635 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  He was one of the patentees for the royal charter for Connecticut dated 23 Apr 1662.  He died 17 May 1662; (3) Thomas, born 15 Nov 1616 and died March 1661/62 in Wethersfield, Connecticut.  On 28 Sep 1652 in Boston, he married Hannah Thurston.  He is said to be the first “regularly educated” physician in Connecticut, and his license, issued in 1652 in New London, was the first granted in the colony; (4) Rachel[13], born 1617; (5) William, born 27 Dec 1618; (6) Anna Lord, born 18 Sep 1614 and died 1688 in Stonington, Connecticut.  Anna came to Hartford at an age when young women were thinking of marriage, and her fate was to marry, in 1638, one of the most colorful men in New England, Thomas Stanton, discussed under his own heading; (7) Robert, born 12 May 1620.  He later returned to England and married Rebecca Stanley in 1650  in England.  He died in 1678; (8) John, born 21 Jan 1623/24 and died 1692; (9) Amy, born 30 Nov 1626 and died 8 Jan 1690/91.  On 6 May 1647 she married John Gilbert in Hartford, Connecticut; (10) Dorothy Lord, born 1 Jul 1629 and died January 1655/56 in Westfield, Massachusetts.  In 1651 she married John Ingersoll.  They relocated to Northampton, Massachusetts.

The daughter of John Ingersoll and Dorothy Lord is Margery Ingersoll.  She was born was born in 1656 and died in 1697.  On 5 Dec 1679 in Hartford, Connecticut she married Jacob Goffe, born 16 Aug 1649 and died 21 Oct 1697 both in Wethersfield, Connecticut.  Jacob held the minor office of Fence Viewer in that town, and he appears to have been a well-to-do farmer based on his possessions at the time of his death (inventory taken 12 Nov 1697).  He owned upward of 100 acres of land and had a house, horse, mare, colt, steers, calves, sheep, bees and books, etc. valued at £136 3s 6p.   After Jacob’s death, Margery Ingersoll married  (2nd) Jonathan Buck, and they had no children together.

The lineage of Margery Ingersoll  and Jacob Goff is continued under the heading of Philip Goffe (1627-1674).


[1] Thomas Lord and Dorothy Bird are also my 10th g-grandparents in the paternal lineage.

[2] Kenneth Lord. Genealogy of the Descendants of Thomas Lord, an Original Proprietor and Founder of Hartford, Connecticut, in 1636 (published 1946).

[3] There is a record on page 25 of the ancient Marriage License Book of Petersborough (near Towcester), England, of the marriage license issued to Thomas Lord and Dorothy Bird on 20 Feb 1610, and they were married three days  later.

[4] James Savage. Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, showing three generations of those who came before May 1692 on the basis of Farmer’s Register (published with two supplements in 4 volumes, 1860-1862).

[5] Although Thomas is reputed to have been a close friend of both Gov. Haynes and Rev. Hooker, there is little primary evidence for that assertion.

[6] Several of my ancestors and their families arrived on this ship: Alexander and Elizabeth Baker (my maternal 9th g-grandparents), their daughter Elizabeth (my maternal 8th g-grandmother) and her sister Christian, Thomas Lord (my maternal and paternal 10th g-grandfather), Anna Lord (my paternal 9th g-grandmother), Dorothy Lord (my maternal 9th g-grandmother), Robert Carr (my paternal 10th g-grandfather), Robert’s brother Caleb (my 10th g-grand uncle) and John Borden (my 11th g-grand uncle), the younger brother of Richard Borden (my paternal 10th g-grandfather). These individuals and their families are discussed under their our headings.

[7] Their eldest daughter, Thankful, was already married and remained in England. She later migrated to New England with her husband, Ralph Shepherd.

[8] Source: John Camden Hotten, ed. The original lists of persons of quality: emigrants, religious exiles, political rebels, serving men sold for a term of years, apprentices, children stolen, maidens pressed, and others, who went from Great Britain to the American plantations, 1600-1700 (1874). The ages of the children as given on the ship’s register are probably only approximate, as they vary from the actual baptismal  records.

[9] Information regarding Rev. Thomas Hooker and the so-called “Hooker Company” that founded Hartford, Connecticut can be found under the heading of William Kelsey (1600-1676).

[10] William Smith Porter in Historical Notices of Hartford (1842) says: “he died early” (whatever that means).  Most likely he was dead prior to 1667, when his son, Thomas (Jr.) died, for after that point there is no further mention of a “Thomas Lord” in the colonial records.

[11] Clearly, her grandson Richard was a favorite of hers. She lavished property on him and appointed him executor of her estate. But that was not merely because he was first born of her first born Richard, who had died six years earlier. Richard Lord (Jr.) was one of the leading figures in colonial Connecticut at that time, as the histories record. His name appears frequently in the colonial records in legal matters of all kinds, listed often as a supervisor of wills in the 1650s, and he was clearly seen as one of the leaders of the colony.  He for many years represented Hartford in the General Court. In addition, he was one of the wealthiest merchants of his time, made many trading voyages. He was lost at sea5  Nov 1685, leaving a large estate to his widow and his only child. The inventory of his property amounted to £5,786 which was, with one exception, the greatest, up to that time, in Hartford.

[12] Her baptism is not recorded in The Towcester Registers, 1561-1633.

[13] Her baptism is not recorded in The Towcester Registers, 1561-1633.



Your comments are welcome. Keep in mind, however, all comments are moderated, and please no off-topic links.