Walichs #3636

Jacob Walichs (1599-1657)

Born in Netherlands.  Arrived in New Netherland (New York) about 1630 or earlier and

Trintje Jacobs (1620-1677)

Born in Netherlands.  Arrived in New Netherland (New York) probably by 1642.

Walichs #3636

Some of the following information was extracted from A Genealogy of the Van Winkle Family: Account of its Origin and Settlement in this Country with Data, 1630-1913 by Daniel Van Winkle (Higginson Book Company, 1913).

Tompkins H. Matteson, “Rip Van Winkle’s Return” (1860) – from the short story by Washington Irving published in 1819 – The fictional Rip Van Winkle, a colonial British-American villager of Dutch descent living in the Catskill mountains of New York, is the most famous Van Winkle in American history.

Jacob Walichs is the progenitor of the Van Winkle family in America, although the “Van Winkle” surname was not adopted consistently by his descendants in the early generations.  The Van Winkle Family name originated from Winkle, Holland, Netherlands and means “from or of Winkel.”  In the 17th century, the Dutch did not use surnames, instead generally using their given name, followed by their father’s name.  When the Dutch came to America, the families eventually adopted various surnames.

Jacob Walichs (also known in the records as Jacob Walingen, Jacob Wallings or Jacob Van Winckell/Winkle) was born about 1599.  He is of Dutch origin and is thought to have come from the region of Winkle, Hoorn, Netherlands.  He died prior to 17 Apr 1657[1] in New Jersey.  He married Trintje Jacobs.  Nothing is currently known about Trintje before her marriage, but she seems to have been considerably younger than Jacob.  Her date of birth is assumed based on several factors: the minority of all six children at Jacob‘s death in 1657 and for whom the Court appointed guardians to protect their rights, the marriage of their daughter Marritje in 1663, the birth of their last child in 1656 and the birth of additional children to Tnintje in her subsequent marriages.  Based on these factors, 1620 seems a reasonable estimate for her date of birth.  The exact date and place of their marriage is unknown, but 1642 in New Amsterdam is the best guess based on the available records.

Donck’s Map of New Netherland, 1656

Jacob Walichs arrived in the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam about 1630 or earlier, and he and his brother[2] Symon (1604-1649) were among the very first farmers to permanently locate in New Amsterdam.  Jacob occupied “Bouwerie No. 5” (one of the six bouweries[3] on Manhattan Island started by the Dutch West India Company in 1624).  An inventory of Jacob‘s possessions on 2 Jul 1631 indicates that he had on his farm six saddle horses, two stallions, six cows, two bulls and twenty-two sheep, and that he was successful in breeding of cattle.  In 1633 he appears to have returned to Holland on De Soutbergh for the purpose of further stocking his farm.  While at Hoorn he united with the Dutch Church by certificate on 18 Dec 1633, and he was recorded as a resident at Winkle, Hoorn, Netherlands in 1634.  In June 1635 he returned to New Amsterdam on board the King David[4].  This was a little over a year prior to the expiration of his lease of the bouwerie on Manhattan.  During his absence, the bouwerie was managed by Claes Cornelisz[5].

On 15 Aug 1636, Jacob entered into a contract with Patroon Van Rensselaer and settled for a time on a farm in Rensselarwyck[6].

Willem (William) Kieft (1597-1647) was a Dutch merchant and director of New Netherland, from 1638 until 1647. He formed the council of twelve men, the first representative body in New Netherland, but ignored its advice.

On 29 Aug 1641, Jacob was recorded as advising the counsel appointed to advise Gov. Willem Kieft[7] on the treatment of the Indians in the region of Manhattan, Brooklyn and Pavonia[8] in New Netherland.

Jacob and a number of associates petitioned The Dutch West India Company in 1649 to lead an expedition to settle lands along the Fresh (Connecticut) River.   The request was denied, possibly due to opposition of the English[9] and/or fears of Indian attacks.  Around this time, Jacob left Renssalaerswyck and returned to New Amsterdam.

Jacob Walichs was a resident of Manhattan, New Amsterdam (later New York City) on 1 Oct 1650.  On 23 Oct 1654 he secured a grant at Pavonia (near present-day Jersey City, New Jersey), described as located between New York Bay and Newark Bay, and comprised about ninety acres more or less.  He settled on this land, but in September 1655 he was driven from his home with the other settlers by the Indians[10].  He subsequently returned to Pavonia, and on 17 Apr 1657, Jacob was confirmed in his rights as a small burgher in Pavonia, which entitled him to the freedom of trade and the privilege of being received into the guilds of Manhattan.

The Van Winkle family, descendants of Jacob Walichs, are numerous, and the family’s presence in New Jersey has been continuous since the days of Jacob’s settlement in Pavonia.

The children of Jacob Walichs and Trintje Jacobs are listed as follows:

  1. Marritje, born about 1643 and died before 20 Dec 1702.  She married (1st) Pieter Jansen Slot on 2 Feb 1663 in Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey and married (2nd) David Demarest on 23 Mar 23 1692.
  2. Grietje, born about 1645 and died about 1732.  She married Elias Michelse Vreeland[11] (1645-1707) on 30 Aug 1665 in Jersey City, Bergen, New Jersey.
  3. Waling[12], born about 1648 and died about 1729 in Wallington, New Jersey.  He married Catharyna Michelse Tades on 15 Mar 1671 at Jersey City, New Jersey.
  4. Jacob Jacobse Walichs (Van Winkle), born 16 Oct 1650 at Albany, New York and died 20 Nov 1724 at Bergen, New Jersey.  He married (1st) Aeltje Daniels on 15 Dec 1675 at Hackensack, New Jersey and married (2nd) Grietje Hendrick Hellingh on 26 Mar 1695.
  5. Symon, born 24 Jul 1653 and died 24 Feb 1732 in New Jersey.
  6. Annetje, born 2 Jan 1655 and died about 1710.  She married Johannis Steynmets on 30 Nov 1676 in New Jersey.

The three eldest siblings, Marritje, Grietje and Waling were probably born in New Netherland, but whether at New Amsterdam or Rensselaerswyck is unclear.  Their son Jacob was born at Albany, shortly before Jacob and Trintje left Rensselaervyck in 1650.  The next son, Symon, was born at Pavonia, New Jersey and was baptized 24 Aug 1653.  In October 1654, Jacob received a grant of 25 morgen (about 50 acres) at Pavonia, probably the land where he had been living.  On 2 Jan 1656, their sixth and last child, Annetje, was baptized.

Tryntje was married three times subsequent to Jacob’s death in 1657.

  • On 17 Aug 1657, banns were published for her second marriage, this time to Jacob Stoffelsen.  They were not married immediately for on 16 Oct 1657, the Orphanmasters appointed Michiel Jansen Vreeland[13] and Burgomaster Van der Grift[14] as guardians of the six minor children of Trintje and Jacob Walichs.  The guardians’ responsibility was to insure that the childrens’ rights and property were protected after Jacob‘s death.  Trintje had not yet remarried at that time.
  • On 8 Jun 1667 at Bergen, New Jersey she married Michael Tades, who subsequently died about 1670.
  • On 26 Feb 1671, both she and her son Waling published the banns of their marriages: Tryntje to Casper Steynmets, and Waling to his stepsister Catharyna Michielse, daughter of Michiel Tades.  On 15 March 1671 they had a double wedding before the court at Bergen.

Trintje died at about age 56 and on 12 May 1677, there is an entry in the records of Bergen, New Jersey: Buried Treyntje Jacobs, wife of Casper Steynmets, at New York.  “New York” being a relative term for the region, she was probably buried in or near Bergen, New Jersey.

Not much is known of Aeltje Daniels, who married Jacob Jacobse Walichs (Van Winkle), the son of  Jacob Walichs and Trintje Jacobs.  They had several children, including a daughter, Margrietje Jacobse Van Winkle, born 22 Oct 1678 in Newark, New Jersey and died about 1748 in Newark, New Jersey.  On 28 Oct 1699 in Bergen, New Jersey she married Abraham Vreeland, born 22 Jun 1678 in New York, New York and died 10 Dec 1734 in Newark, New Jersey.  Their lineage is continued under the heading of Michiel Jansen Vreeland (1610-1663).

[1] On 17 Aug 1657, his widow, Trintje, published the banns for her second marriage to Jacob Stoffelsen.

[2] Symon’s first presence in New Netherland is confirmed only by the records of the Dutch Church at Hoorn: December 18, 1633. Have come over with certificate from other churches to our congregation Symon Walingen of New Netherland, Jacob Walingen of New Netherland.  This would strongly indicate that those accounts which suggest that Symon did not leave Holland until Jacob made his first return trip to the old country in 1633, must be considered as wrong. Whether he arrived with Jacob or at some later date, but before 1633, is unknown. This document is the only record that establishes a tenuous, and possibly unfounded, relationship between Jacob and Symon as brothers. They may have been been otherwise related or even merely associates. However, the document strongly suggests that their first arrival at New Netherland must have been some years previous to 1633, for here they united with the church and established themselves sufficiently to become entitled to a certificate of dismissal, accorded only to members in good and regular standing.

[3] Private property did not exist under the Company system at the time and was probably one of the reasons that Jacob and Symon eventually sought property in what eventually became New Jersey. Bouweries were large general farms that were self-sufficient 
in all agricultural needs, including farm animals for food and work.
Plantations were smaller and were dedicated to one or two crops such as corn or 
tobacco, which was sold to the company or on the open market.

[4] It was as a result of this voyage that we have our best clue as to Jacob’s date of birth. In January 1639, in New Amsterdam, Jacob testified in court that he was a resident of New Netherlands and was 40 or 41 years old. He was testifying against the captain of the King David, who had attempted to abandon a passenger in Virginia during the voyage of 1635.

[5] Claes Cornelisz subsequently started his own farm but was killed by Indians in 1641 at Manhattan.

[6] Rensselaerswyck is the name of a colonial estate (a Dutch patroonship and later an English manor) owned by Kiliaen van Rensselaer that was located in what is now mainly the Capital District of New York State. It is discussed in more detail under the heading of Michiel Jansen Vreeland, who was also an early settler at Rensselaerswyck.

[7] William Kieft, the third Director-General of New Netherland and had a less than illustrious career in the Dutch colony in America. He is best known for his lack of diplomacy with the Indians that resulted in years of warfare and disruption to the entire colony, especially the settlement of Pavonia, New Jersey.

[8] Pavonia was the first European settlement on the west bank of the North River (Hudson River) that was part of the 17th century province of New Netherland in what would become today’s Hudson County, New Jersey.

[9] The New England Confederation was formed in 1643 as a political and military alliance of the British colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth, Connecticut, and New Haven. The latter two were actually on land owned by the United Provinces (and thus under its jurisdiction), but unable to populate or militarily defend their territorial claim, the Dutch could do nothing but protest the growing flood of English settlers. With the 1650 Treaty of Hartford, Stuyvesant provisionally ceded the Connecticut River region to New England, drawing New Netherland’s eastern border 50 Dutch miles west of the Connecticut’s mouth on the mainland and just west of Oyster Bay on Long Island. The Dutch West India Company refused to recognize the treaty, but since it failed to reach any agreement with the English, the Hartford Treaty set the de facto border.

[10] This incident, knownas the “Peach Tree War”, is discussed in more detail, along with background of the conflict between the Dutch and the Indians, under the heading of Michiel Jansen Vreeland, who was also an early settler of Pavonia.

[11] Elias is my 8th g-grand uncle. He is the son of our 9th g-grandfather, Michiel Jansen Vreeland (1610-1663), discussed under his own heading.

[12] The namesake for the town of Wallington, New Jersey, where he had built a home. Wallington is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, which was created 2 Jan 1895 (based on a referendum held 31 Dec 1894). The borough was formed from area taken from Bergen Township and Saddle River Township. Sections of Wallington were ceded to Garfield in 1898.

[13] My 9th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading.  His son Elias married Tryntje’s daughter, Grietje.

[14] He was later one of the nine signatories of the “Articles of Capitulation” of 8 Sep 1664, surrendering New Netherland to the English.


Your comments are welcome. Keep in mind, however, all comments are moderated, and please no off-topic links.