Born in England. Arrived in Massachusetts 6 May 1635 and
Born and died in England.
The name Allen (also Alan, Allan, and Allyn, etc.), whether used as a given name or a surname, comes from the Scottish word “Aluinn” meaning fair or handsome.
The progenitor of the Allen line in my family is George Allen. The basic facts of his life are taken from Representative Men and Old Families of Southeastern Massachusetts: Containing Historical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families (Chicago: J.H. Beers & Company, 1912) and other sources.
George Allen was born in England about 1568 (although Allen researchers are not in agreement on the exact date, which some place anywhere between 1568-1586). He may have been born in either Somersetshire or Dorsetshire, England, or have at least resided in one of these places prior to emigrating. Lending some support for this belief is the fact that the Rev. Joseph Hull and many of the other families that emigrated with George appear to have been from one of these shires. George Allen is known to have married twice while still residing in England. The name of his first wife has not been definitely determined, although many sources cite her name as Katherine. This wife, rather than his second wife who accompanied him to Massachusetts (also named Katherine), is my ancestor. According to the roster of passengers making up the Hull party, Katherine (his second wife) was listed as being thirty years old in 1635, thereby indicating that she was probably born about 1605 in England.
Nothing is known for certain of George Allen’s parentage, although some researchers believe that “my” George Allen was the son of John Allen of Saltford in Somersetshire, England. As with the assertion regarding George’s first wife, noted below, there is no evidence that I know of to substantiate this. There is, moreover, strong evidence that indicates that this George Allen was still residing at Saltford in 1638, when he was involved in a court case regarding tenements in the Tything of Saltford. By 1638, my George Allen was already well established at Sandwich on Cape Cod. Aside from the fact that a person named George Allen was identified as living in Saltford, England during the 1630s, any connection to our George Allen appears to be based more on conjecture than supportable facts.
The same also appears to be true regarding the assertion that our George Allen was the son of Ralph Allen of Thurcaston, England. Even though there were two individuals named Ralph Allen who were associated with our George Allen in New Plymouth Colony, I am not aware of any evidence, other than name similarity, to support this contention either.
The circumstances of his arrival in Massachusetts are not in dispute. George, along with his (second) wife Katherine, sons William, George and Matthew and servant, Edward Poole, were among those who sailed from Weymouth, England on 20 Mar 1635 with Rev. Joseph Hull and his flock of 106 souls who were reputedly Anabaptists. The name of the ship that carried them is not known. They landed at Boston, Massachusetts on 6 May 1635 after a 48-day voyage, and the General Court at Boston granted Rev. Hull and his flock leave to settle at Wessaguscus Plantation on 8 July 1635. Wessaguscus was soon given municipal rights, at which time it was renamed Weymouth, and its inhabitants were allowed representation in the General Court at Boston.
In 1637 George Allen with Edmund Freeman and 7 or 8 others joined in buying the Township of Sandwich on the North shore of Cape Cod, an area inhabited by friendly Indians. George‘s name is on the first list of church members there in 1638, and in 1639 he was elected “Constable”, a very important office, representing the entire civil authority for the orderly proceedings of the Township. In 1640-42 he was Deputy to the General Court at Plymouth and in 1641 was one of a committee to divide the land among the settlers and given 6 1/2 acres for this task. In 1646 he built his home about a quarter mile from what became the site of the Quaker Friends Meeting House on the main road down the Cape – a home that stood until 1882. George and other members of his family later became Quakers.
The following account of the founding and early history of the Quakers of Sandwich is quoted from an article, “A New Account of The History of The Society of Friends on Cape Cod” (follow link to the complete article) by James Warren Gould (Professor of History and International Relations, Scripps College, Claremont, California):
“The monthly meeting of the Society of Friends at Sandwich, Massachusetts, is the oldest continuous meeting in America. The formation of the meeting was a result of the effective preaching in Sandwich by Nicholas Upsall, Christopher Holder and John Copeland. Pioneer work was done in the winter of 1656-1657 by Upsall, the first New England convert to Friends, who, having been expelled from Boston for his heretical views found Sandwich ripe for conversion. It was a town whose church members had sent away their minister in 1654 in disaffection with the Congregational Church. The first official notice of a meeting of Friends was on third second month, 1657, Old Style, or 13 April, 1657, at the house of William Allen (about 1627 [some sources indicate 1629]-1705) and his wife Priscilla, at Spring Hill, East Sandwich. This house, the Allens’ first, stood on the site of the present W. V. Ahonen house at 22 Gilman Road, about 500 yards west of the present Friends meetinghouse. Attending were Upsall, Richard Kerbey, and Elizabeth Newland. This small beginning group was soon joined by Sarah Kerbey and Jane Launder.
“Although official notice of these meetings resulted in the expulsion of Upsall in the early Spring of 1657, he was soon followed by the two English preachers, Christopher Holder (1631-1665) and John Copeland (d. 1719) who arrived at Buzzards Bay from the Vineyard on 20th Sixth month, 1657 (August 30). They proceeded north to Sandwich where they probably lodged with William Newland at his house on Grove Street above Mill Pond, in what is presently the Goble’s house. The new missionaries were soon expelled, but not before two more converts to Quakerism had been made, their host the Newlands and Ralph Allen Sr., probably resident at Spring Hill, both of whom became the first Sandwich Quakers to be jailed, for five months, for holding illegal meetings. The cruel persecution meted out to these dissidents has been fully described in local histories and Quaker accounts.
“Undeterred by threats of punishment, Holder and Copeland returned in early 1658 to be arrested, beaten, and expelled again. By mid-1658 there were sixteen Quaker heads of families, amounting to perhaps a hundred persons, fined for refusal of oath, with meetings held at the Allen’s house now heavenly punished. It was probably at this point that secret meetings were being held in Christopher’s Hollow, now familiarly known as “Chrisie’s Holler.” This is a kettle hole about a mile and a half south-southeast of Sandwich Center, located now in the new development called Quaker Hill, in the middle of the loop street named Christopher’s Hollow, which one reaches from Crowell Rd. and Charles St.. Until 1976 it was a secluded glen full of lady ferns in the filtered sunlight, fed by a small brook. In the middle of the last century there were still some large flat boulders that served as seats for the first Quaker meeting, but these have disappeared.”
George apparently died during the latter part of April 1648 at Sandwich, New Plymouth Colony, as he was subsequently buried there on 2 May 1648. His will was later probated on 7 June 1648 before the New Plymouth Court, and one year later, on 8 June 1649, his widow, Katherine, furnished an inventory of George‘s estate to the New Plymouth Court. Sometime after George passed away, Katherine married for a second time to a man named John Collins, who was a shoemaker in Boston.
Up to 15 children have been attributed to our George Allen by his two wives. Probable children are:
By (Katherine?), first wife:
- John, born in England about 1605 and died 3 May 1690 at Swansea, Massachusetts.
- Rose Allen, born in England about 1609-10 and died about 1695 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Rose was already married when she and her husband, Joseph Holloway, came to America and settled in Sandwich.
- Ralph Allen, born in England about 1615 and died 1698 in Sandwich, Massachusetts. He married Susanna (surname unknown).
- Robert, born in England and never married. He committed suicide on 15 May 1661 at Rehoboth, New Plymouth County, Massachusetts.
- George (Jr.), born about 1619 in England and died 1693 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
- Francis, born in England (date unknown) and died 1698 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
- Matthew, born about 1627 in England and died 1695 in Dartmouth, Bristol County, Massachusetts.
- William, born in England about 1629 and died 1 Oct 1705 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
By the two wives, there were 10 sons, some of whom had come to New England and were living around Boston before their father landed in America. There are known to be other children in addition to those listed above, but the details are not known. George’s will named five sons and left bequests to five others, presumably younger sons because he lists them as least. There is no mention of daughters, although there are known to be several. To his wife Katherine, he left the house and household staff, an old cow, a certain parcel of land, but if she remarries these are to be disposed of and the proceeds given to the five least children. Ralph and Samuel came over earlier. Ralph we find in Weymouth. Samuel seems to pop up back in Somersetshire, England. After George‘s death the family began to scatter. Ralph, George, William, Matthew and Francis remained in Sandwich. Henry and Gideon moved to Connecticut. James went to Martha’s Vineyard.
At this point the lines of descent get a bit complicated, due to the fact that I am directly descended from both a son (Ralph Allen) and a daughter (Rose Allen) of George Allen and Katherine (his first wife).
Descent through Ralph Allen:
The son of George and Katherine (his first wife) is Ralph Allen, born about 1615 in England and died about 1698 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts. Although it has not been determined when he arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it is known that he did not travel on the same ship as his father, George. According to available records, Ralph was generally referred to as a planter and wheelwright. This was apparently to distinguish him from the other Ralph Allen residing at Sandwich who was married to a woman named Esther Swift and was a mason by trade. Although Ralph is thought to have married sometime around 1630-1635, we do not know whether he married in England or after he arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Researchers believe that Ralph married a woman named Susannah.
Ralph eventually settled at Sandwich in the New Plymouth Colony of Massachusetts where his father lived. In 1657, while residing at Sandwich, Quakerism began spreading throughout the Colony, and Ralph and six of his brothers and sisters were apparently among the first to be “convinced.” Unfortunately, the adoption of Quakerism by the Allen’s resulted in their being persecuted and fined for many years for practicing their faith. Their persecution was particularly acute for refusing to take the Oath of Fidelity, that they felt violated their duty of fidelity to God only.
Confusion arises due to the fact that during a short span of time, two Ralph Allens resided in Sandwich, and both of them became involved with the Quaker movement, along with other members of the Allen family. Ralph, who was the son of George, is designated as Ralph “Sr.” in the records, and he was the second one to come to Sandwich. Ralph, who was NOT the son of George, resided first at Sandwich and had children born there named Jedediah, Experience and Ephraim. Before the arrival of Ralph Sr. to Sandwich, he was just named Ralph Allen in the records, he and became Ralph Jr. after the arrival of the other Ralph to the town.
Justification for assigning Ralph Sr. as the son of George:
- Before both men resided at Sandwich, one Ralph resided at Sandwich and the other resided at Rehoboth. Before moving to Rehoboth, however, one Ralph sold thirty acres of land at Weymouth, 22 acres of which originally belonged to George Allen.
- The Ralph Allen who was at Sandwich first had a son named Jedediah born there in January 1646/47. The other Ralph was still at Rehoboth where he received a division of the New Meadow in February 1646/7. So based on this alone, the Ralph who sold a piece of land at Weymouth that belonged to George originally, and was living at Rehoboth in 1646/47, was not the Ralph who was the father of Jedediah.
- The Ralph who was the father of Jedediah was also found to have had children born at Sandwich named Experience and Ephraim in 1651 and 1656, respectively. This Ralph is also listed as being a mason by trade. He died in about 1662/1663, as abstracted from Jedediah’s Bible. He was married to Esther Swift.
- The other Ralph Allen, who moved from Rehoboth to Sandwich, died in 1698 and left a will naming all of his children. No Jedediah, no Experience, and no Ephraim were named. This Ralph did have a daughter named Mary, however, who died young in 1675. This Ralph was referred to as Ralph, Sr. in the burial record. He was also referred to in other records as being a planter and wheelwright by trade. In his will he also mentions his brother William, who is a known son of George Allen.
- There is a monument to George Allen (although it is not known if it marks the location of his remains) in Ellisburg, New York. Ralph (Sr.)’s descendants in my line are known to have settled in Ellisburg, New York in the early 1800s (see below).
Although the suffix Sr. or Jr. is found in a number of cases in the records involving the two Ralphs, the definitive use of the suffix Sr. was with the Ralph Allen, who was a planter, and who died in 1698. The other Ralph, who was a mason by trade and who was married to Esther Swift may very well be related to George Allen somehow, but he not his son. He could easily be a nephew or cousin, however.
In the year 1658 members of the Allen family paid fines aggregating £250, imposed by the church authorities. In 1659 Ralph Allen, with his brothers, was taken from the jail at Boston and whipped through several towns as a punishment for his religious opinions. They subsequently became allied with the Friends, or Quakers, and were further persecuted because of this.
In 1655 Ralph Allen contributed ten shillings toward building a new meetinghouse in Sandwich. The family held lands on both sides of Buzzard’s Bay and soon removed from Sandwich because of the persecutions inflicted upon them.
During the years 1663-1664, Ralph purchased land at Dartmouth in the New Plymouth Colony (now within Bristol County, Massachusetts), which he later conveyed to his children. Even though he was living at Sandwich at the time of his death, it is believed that he and Susannah probably resided at Dartmouth for a few years. Ralph is mentioned in several deeds as being of Dartmouth, and in 1684 he was involved in an agreement with three others to build a gristmill there.
Ralph Allen was purported to have died during the month of March 1698 at Sandwich in what had then become Barnstable County, Massachusetts. His will, which had been written on 18 December 1691, was probated before the Barnstable County Court on 1 July 1698. Ralph was subsequently buried, as directed by his will, in the Friends Burying place at William Allen’s in Sandwich.
With the exception of Philip, Benjamin, and Mary, the following children were named in Ralph’s will. All three of these children died prior to Ralph writing his will. The exact order of birth of the listed children is not known:
- Joseph Allen, born about 1642 in Massachusetts and died 1704 at Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, New Jersey. He married first Sarah Holloway on 1 Jul 1662 in New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and second Sarah Hull about 1676 in New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.
- John, born in Massachusetts and died about 1706 in Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
- Benjamin, born in Massachusetts and died 1669 at Portsmouth, Rhode Island.
- Philip, born in Massachusetts and died 13 Jul 1671 at Portsmouth, Rhode Island.
- Patience, born 1645 in New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and died 4 Dec at Newport, Rhode Island.
- Increase, born in New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and died 7 Mar 1724 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
- Ebenezer, born 10 Feb 1650 at Sandwich, New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and died 1725 in Bristol County, Massachusetts.
- Zachariah, born at Sandwich, New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.
- Mary, born at Sandwich, New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and buried 18 Apr 1675 at Sandwich, Barnstable County, Massachusetts.
Joseph Allen, the son of Ralph Allen and Susannah, was born in about 1642 in Massachusetts. Joseph was apparently married twice during his life. He married first to a woman named Sarah Holloway (also written Holway) in Massachusetts on 1 Jul 1662. Sarah, who had been born at Sandwich in the New Plymouth Colony, was the daughter of Joseph Holloway and Rose Allen, and also Joseph’s cousin. Joseph and Sarah were both Quakers and belonged to the Rhode Island Monthly Meeting of Friends. In the records of this Meeting were found the birth dates of their first six children. Sarah appears to have passed away in about 1675, shortly after the birth of their seventh child.
Joseph subsequently married for a second time, also in Massachusetts, to a woman named Sarah Hull in about 1676. Sarah was the daughter of Tristram and Blanche Hull (granddaughter of Rev. Joseph Hull, discussed above). It appears that Joseph and Sarah lived at Dartmouth in what is now Bristol County, Massachusetts throughout much of their married life. According to available records, Joseph was one of the original proprietors of Dartmouth, owning a 1/34th share in the Township of Dartmouth.
During the period 1695-1700, Joseph acted as agent for the Dartmouth Proprietors in a dispute with the towns of Little Compton and Tiverton. In 1697, however, Joseph purchased property in Monmouth County, New Jersey, and at the time of his death he was building a home there. In various deeds, Joseph‘s occupation was listed as either a wheelwright, husbandman or yeoman.
Joseph left two wills, one which had been written in 1696 while he was residing at Dartmouth, and a second will that was dated 26 June 1704, which states that he was a resident of Shrewsbury in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Joseph died during the month of September 1704, probably at Shrewsbury. Both of Joseph Allen’s wills were subsequently probated on 11 Oct 1704 before Samuel Cranston, the Governor of Rhode Island. Joseph‘s widow, Sarah, is believed to have died shortly thereafter in 1705.
The children of Joseph Allen and Sarah Holloway (first wife) are listed as follows: Joseph Allen, born 4 Mar 1667 at Dartmouth, New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and died 31 Jan 1734/1735 at Dartmouth, Bristol Co., Massachusetts. He was married (first) to Rachel and (second) on 17 Nov 1721 to Jenett Hay at Dartmouth, Massachusetts; Abigail (1663- 1733); Rose Allen (1665-1724); John (1669-1754); Philip (1671- ), believed to have died young; William (1673-1760); Josiah (1675-1718).
Children of Joseph Allen and Sarah Hull (second wife) are listed as follows: Benjamin (1680-1747); Tristram; Ralph; Sarah; Hannah; Daniel; Reuben (1694-1741).
Children of Joseph Allen (1667-1735) and Rachel (first wife) are as follows: Joseph Allen, born 27 Apr 1704 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts and died 7 Jan 1782 in Bristol County, Massachusetts. He was married (first) on 30 Dec 1725 to Ruth Smith at Dartmouth, Massachusetts and (second) on 12 Jul 1747 to Martha Potter at Dartmouth, Massachusetts; Lydia (1700- 1772); Phyllis (1702-1790); Rachel (1708- ); Elizabeth (1710-1760).
(There are no known children from Joseph‘s second marriage to Jennet Hay.)
Joseph’s first wife, Ruth Smith, was born 5 Feb 1701 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts and died 30 Dec 1775 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
Descent through Rose Allen:
Rose Allen, the eldest daughter of George Allen and his first wife, was born in about 1609/1610 in England. Rose was apparently married twice during her life. She was married (first) to a man named Joseph Holloway (also written Holway) who was a millwright by trade and born about 1605 in England.
Sometime after arriving in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Joseph and Rose settled for a short period at Dorchester (now within Suffolk County, Massachusetts). In about 1637, however, they moved to the newly established settlement of Sandwich in the New Plymouth Colony of Massachusetts (now within Barnstable County, Massachusetts), where they appear to have resided for the remainder of their lives. While residing at Sandwich, Rose became very active in the Quaker movement and was often persecuted for her beliefs. Joseph Holloway died at Sandwich in about 1647.
After Joseph passed away, Rose married for a second time to a man named William Newland on 16 May 1648 in the New Plymouth Colony. This was also William’s second marriage, having previously been married to a woman named Elizabeth Smith. Rose is believed to have died at Sandwich, in what had then been formed into Barnstable County, Massachusetts, sometime during the period 1690-1695.
Children of Rose Allen and Joseph Holloway (first husband) are as follows: Sarah Holloway, born about 1644 at Barnstable, Massachusetts and died about 1675 in Shrewsbury, New Jersey; Joseph (1639- 1692); Mary (1641-1703); Experience (1645- ); Hopestill (1646-1715).
Children of Rose Allen and William Newland (second husband) are as follows: Maria “Mercy” (1649- ); Rose (1651-1683); Elizabeth (1653-1658).
Sarah Holloway married her cousin, Joseph Allen (1642-1704), who is the son of Ralph Allen (1615-1698) and Susannah. The son of Sarah and Joseph is Joseph Allen, born 4 Mar 1667 at Dartmouth, New Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts and died 31 Jan 1734/1735 at Dartmouth, Bristol Co., Massachusetts.
The lineage of Rose Allen merges here with the lineage of Ralph Allen (1615-1698).
Joseph Allen (1667-1735) married Rachel in 1699. The son of Joseph and Rachel is Joseph Allen (1704-1782). Joseph’s first wife, Ruth Smith, was born 5 Feb 1701 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts and died 30 Dec 1775 at Dartmouth, Massachusetts.
Descent through Joseph Allen:
The son of Joseph and Ruth is Daniel Allen, who was born 13 Oct 1729 in Dartmouth, Massachusetts and died 1 Jun 1822 in Westport, Massachusetts. On 16 Oct 1751 he married Elizabeth “Betty” Seabury in Dartmouth, Massachusetts. She was born 2 Feb 1730 in Tiverton, Rhode Island and died 31 Jan 1815 in Westport, Massachusetts.
The daughter of Joseph and Prudence is Elizabeth Allen, who was born 22 Dec 1788 in Southampton, Massachusetts and died 6 Apr 1871 in Ellisburg, New York. In 1809 she married Henry King in Ellisburg, New York. He was born 28 Sep 1787 in Southampton, Massachusetts and died 3 Apr 1871 in Ellisburg, New York.
The daughter of Henry and Elizabeth is Laura Ann King, who was born 18 Sep 1811 in Ellisburg, New York and died 5 Jan 1883 in Manchester, Iowa. In 1837 she married Oratio Dyer Clarke in Pulsaki, New York. He was born 27 Jan 1811 in Arlington, Vermont and died 29 May 1899 in Manchester, Iowa. From New York, they moved to Illinois at some time prior to 1860, when they appear in the census records of Belvidere, Illinois. They were still in Belvedere, Illinois in 1870, but by 1880, they had moved further west to Manchester, Iowa, where they both lived up until their deaths.
The “Allen” line which began in this country with George Allen, born (England) 1568, and the “Clarke” line, which began in this country with Joseph Clarke, born (England) 1618, and, converge (appropriately) in the person of Harriet Allen Clark, born 21 May 1839 in Sandy Creek, New York and died 21 Mar 1898 in Manchester, Iowa. In 1857 she married Henry Fayette Hamlin. He was born 14 Apr 1834 in Pennsylvania and died 29 Jul 1901 in Manchester, Iowa.
The Allen lineage ends with Harriet Allen Clarke, and the lineage of Harriet and Henry Fayette Hamlin is continued under the under the heading of James Hamlin (Hamblen) (1606-1690).
 George Allen is also my 11th g-grandfather through his daughter, Rose, as follows: Rose Allen (1610 – 1695) – Sarah Holloway (1644 – 1675) – Joseph Allen (1667 – 1735) – and continuing as above.
 Ralph Allen is also my 11th g-grandfather through his son, John, as follows: John Allen (1638 – 1706) – Elizabeth Allen (1655 – 1714) – Elizabeth Tompkins (1675 – 1729) – Mary Ladd (1698 – 1733) – Elizabeth “Betty” Seabury (1730 – 1815) – Joseph Allen (1758 – 1838) – and continuing as above.
 Although one commonly sees postings and family write-ups that indicate that our George Allen is the George Allen who married as his second wife, Katherine Starkes, on 5 Nov 1624 at All Hallows Church, Honey Lane, London, I know of absolutely no documentation that would support that this is the same George Allen. On the contrary, there is evidence that suggests that this George Allen was the son of Richard Allen of the Tower of London, and that he was still residing in London, England as late as 1640, when he was mentioned in his brother, Henry’s, will. This George Allen is also believed to be the same George Allen who died on 26 March 1664 at St. Michael Queenhithe, London.
 Rev. Joseph Hull (1595–1665) led a company of 106 immigrants, that sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1635 and was known as the Hull Colony. Hull was born in Crewkerne, Somerset, England and graduated from Oxford in 1614. He was ordained in 1619 and served as teacher, curate and minister of Colyton, Devonshire. He became disaffected from the Church of England, and was expelled from the church in 1635. He led his congregation to what is now Weymouth, Massachusetts. Apparently his “liberal views” led to his dismissal from his parish, and he moved to Hingham, where he served as its representative in the General Court (Massachusetts legislature). He was the political and religious opponent of Gov. John Winthrop, with the “very contentious” Hull apparently siding more with the Anglicans than the Puritan governor. Winthrop eventually expelled Hull from the colony. Hull moved to Plymouth Colony, and then to Barnstable. A memorial tablet was dedicated there in 1939 (the 300th anniversary of the town’s founding) marking the site of his home there, and the rock from which he preached still stands in the middle of the highway there. Subsequently, Hull came into disfavor in Plymouth Colony. He moved to Yarmouth, Massachusetts and later to Accominticus (present-day York), Maine, becoming minister there. However, a Puritan minister was sent there to replace him, and he returned to England. He remained there for a decade. After he was ejected from the parish there, he returned to America, settling at the Isle of Shoals in New Hampshire, where he preached until his death in 1665.
 Anabaptists were a Protestant sect that did not believe in infant baptism, but did believe in civil and political equality. At this time, even minor disagreements in belief could lead to serious controversy, and the Puritans and members of other persecuted sects were leaving England by the thousands, due to the religious strife in England.
 William Allen (1627-1705) is my 10th g-grand uncle. He is the son of George Allen (1568-1648) and Katherine (his second wife) and half-brother of Ralph Allen Sr. (1615 – 1698).
 According to the list of passengers making up the Hull party, Katherine was thirty years old in 1635, thereby indicating that she had probably been born in about 1605 in England.
 The five least children that George referred to in his will may be the five listed above as children by his second wife.
 Esther Swift is my 9th g-grand aunt and the daughter of William Swift (1589-1643) my 10th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading. The confusion between the two “Ralph Allens” of Sandwich is further discussed below.
 Philip and Benjamin, identified in the records as being sons of Ralph Allen, died in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Mary died at Sandwich and was also identified as being the daughter of Ralph Allen.
 Granddaughter of Rev. Joseph Hull (1595-1665), discussed above.
 Rensellaer Ralston Oakes. Genealogical and Family History of the County of Jefferson, New York (Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago) 1905.
 Joseph was a private in Capt. William Hudson Ballard’s company of the 7th Massachusetts Regiment, commanded by Colonel Ichabod Alden. His name is on a master roll of the company drafted 1 Jul 1777 which shows him enlisted 4 March for three years. The regiment saw action at the Battles of Saratoga, the Cherry Valley Massacre and the Sullivan Expedition.
 The progenitors of the Allen and Clarke lines crossed paths in Connecticut over 200 years before Harriet’s birth. Joanna Kerrich, the second wife of John Whitemore (1589-1648), Harriet’s 7th g-grandfather in the Allen line, is the sister of Rose Kerrich (1572-1627), Harriet’s 5th g-grandmother in the Clarke line. Joanna’ Kerrich’s first husband, John Jessup (1602-1638) is the brother of Joanna Jessup (1593-1652), Harriet’s 7th g-grandmother in the Allen line. All of the descendants of John Jessup and Joanna Kerrich are Harriet’s “nth” cousins “x” times removed on both sides of her family.