Bullock #5226

Richard Bullock (1622-1667)

Born in England.  Arrived in Massachusetts before 1644 and

Elizabeth Ingraham (1629-1660)

Born in England.  Arrived in Massachusetts in before 1647.

Bullock 5226Much of the information below regarding Richard Bullock was taken from a book by Virginia M. Deagan, Descendants of Colonel William Bullock of Rehoboth, Massachusetts: with his ancestry from Richard Bullock, the immigrant ancestor (Pensacola, Florida: V.M. Deagan), published 1996.

Richard Bullock was born about 1622 in England.  Published sources state that Richard was born in Essex, England in 1622.  In fact, Richard Bullock ‘s ancestry has never been satisfactorily proved, despite the efforts of many researchers[1].  It has also sometimes reported that he came to America with two older brothers, Henry and Edward, in 1635.  We simply do not have any documentation to identify the date or circumstances of Richard’s migration.  He first appears in the colonial records of Rehoboth, Plymouth Colony, in 1644 when he purchased the lot that had been set aside for the Governor.  The lot was valued at £200.  Richard was only about 22 years old at the time, if we accept the statement he made in testimony on a matter regarding the estate of Alexander Winchester in 1648.  Considering the fact that £200 was a large sum of money for such a young man at that time, and that he apparently had a good education (since he was chosen to be a town clerk), it seems likely that his family in England were of a substantial class.  It has also been claimed that Richard came first to Rhode Island and associated with Roger Williams[2], also with no proof.

On 4 Aug 1647 at Rehoboth, Massachusetts, he was married Elizabeth Ingraham.  Elizabeth was born about 1629 in England.  According to some sources, she is said the daughter of Richard Ingraham and Elizabeth Wignall and a descendant of Sir Arthur Ingraham of Watertown, Massachusetts, but no proof has been found of this.  Richard and Elizabeth had six children, and Elizabeth died on 7 Jan 1659/60 (age 30), shortly after the birth of her sixth child, Hopestill.  On 21 July 1660, Richard married Elizabeth Billington, daughter of Francis Billington and Christian Penn and granddaughter of John Billington[3] who arrived at Plymouth on the Mayflower voyage of 1620.

Welcome to Rehoboth, Massachusetts

Welcome to Rehoboth, Massachusetts

Richard Bullock‘s home lot was along the road leading to the common opposite the lot of Rev. Samuel Newman.  During his lifetime, Richard was given additional lands.  He drew rights in the Great Plain (Seekonk) in 1644, and in 1647 he was allotted the rights to Nathan Pratt’s land after Mr. Pratt left Rehoboth.  In Jun 1653, Richard was one of 49 residents who were allowed to draw for meadowlands, and in 1658 he again shared in a drawing of lands in the northern part of the town.  On 1 Oct 1661 he was given soo much land at the watersyde, against the end of his lott as should be judged to be convenient to sell, and in 1666, he also shared in the division of the Wannamoisett lands.  By 1666 Richard had settled on a tract of several hundred acres lying mostly along the west bank of the Palmer River.

Certainly, Richard was a farmer as were most of the men of that time, but in addition, he was the Town Clerk of Rehoboth from 1659 until the time of his death.  Colonial records show he was made a freeman in May 1646 but do not state his residence.  As town clerk, he was paid a salary plus an additional amount for each birth, marriage and death record that he inscribed.  He appears to have been an honorable citizen of the town and took the Oath of Fidelity in 1656.  In 1662 the records show that he was appointed to serve on a committee regarding liquor and powder shipments and that on 8 Jun 1664 he was chosen to collect the “Assize” tax.

The Plymouth Colony licensed Richard Bullock to keep a ferry at Palmer’s River on 1 Mar 1664.  This allowed him to ferry horses from Rehoboth across the Pawtucket (Blackstone) River to the Providence Plantation of Roger Williams.  It appears that he already had a ferry and this allowed him to build a horse ferry in addition.  He also was granted the right to sell liquor to strangers and passengers but not to town dwellers.

It has been suggested that Richard was a member of the Baptist church of Elder John Myles[4].  It is true that shortly after Richard‘s death, several of his children were active in that church, but as a respected citizen and a freeman, Richard almost certainly attended the Congregationalist Church of Rev. Samuel Newman.  Rehoboth town records show that in 1666, Richard protested at a town meeting that the church, rather than the citizens, should choose the minister.

Richard Bullock died 22 Nov 1667 at Rehoboth.  Books were listed among the items on his inventory along with a pewter spoon, arms and ammunition and 3 blankets, as the items with most value.  Livestock consisted of 2 yearlings, 2 steers, one heefer, one horse and 6 cows.  He had dairy vessels with beer barrel and was owed 23 shillings from Richard Bullock[5].  The largest part of the estate went to the oldest son, Samuel.  Elizabeth Billington (Bullock) was left a young widow with small children when Richard died.  On 20 Oct 1668, Elizabeth, along with Samuel, Richard’s oldest son, petitioned the court for division of his lands.  On 5 Jul 1670, the Court directed three men to take some paines in settling matters about the estate of Richard Bullock and they were to settle all matters between the Widdow Bullocks and her son-in-law [stepson], Samuel.  Elizabeth was given the house and home lot and the little island of salt marsh near the house, one acre of upland, the use of five and twenty Pounds Commanage and the use of 1 acre broken up ground for three years.

Deciding that debts due from Richard’s estate were satisfied, on 29 October 1670, the Court gave widow Elizabeth the remaining cattle from Richard’s estate, stating that she had with care and industry, brought up divers smale children since the death of her husband and still is careful and industrious to bring them up, some of them yet being smale.  She was given three cows and a mare, which were left from the estate.

By 1673, Elizabeth Billington (Bullock) was remarried to Robert Beere, an Irish brick maker, and the court ordered the estate of Richard Bullock settled.  However, her second marriage ended in tragedy when an Indian attack killed her husband, Robert, on 29 Mar 1676 during King Philip’s War.  In Jun 1677, with her second husband dead, the court again ordered Richard‘s estate settled.  Elizabeth was married for a third time about 1679 to Thomas Patey of Providence, Rhode Island.  Tragedy followed her again on 19 Aug 1695.  On that day, Thomas borrowed a canoe, and later that day his hat was found on the river.  Five days later his body was found.  It is not known when Elizabeth died, but she is mentioned in a land transaction to her brother Isaac in 1707.

The children of Richard Bullock and Elizabeth Ingraham are listed as follows (all born at Rehoboth, Massachusetts):

  1. Samuel, born 19 Aug 1648 and died 10 Mar 1717/18 at Rehoboth.  On 12 Nov 1673, he married (1st) Mary Thurber, and on 26 May 1675, he married (2nd) Thankful Rouse.
  2. Elizabeth, born 9 Oct 1650.  On 6 Dec 1671, she married Caleb Eddy of Swansea.
  3. Mary Bullock, see below.
  4. Mehitable, born 4 Apr 1655 and died 15 Feb 1729/30 at Swansea.  She married John West.
  5. Abigail, born 29 Aug 1657 and died 10 Sep 1704.  On 25 Jul 1677, she married Obadiah Bowen (Jr.)[6].
  6. Hopestill, born 26 Dec 1659.  On 6 Nov 1682, she married Joshua Lombard (Jr.) (1661-1724).

Children of Richard Bullock and Elizabeth (Billington) Bullock:

  1. Israel (1661-1663)
  2. Marcy (1662-1663)
  3. John, born 19 May 1664 and died before 10 Jul 1739 at Barrington, Rhode Island.  On 29 Jan 1695, he married Elizabeth Barnes.
  4. Richard, born 15 Mar 1666.  Was on Capt. Samuel Gallup’s Company of Provincial Troops in an expedition against Canada in 1690 and is thought to have taken sick and died on that expedition.

The daughter of Richard Bullock and Elizabeth Ingraham is Mary Bullock.  She was born 16 Feb 1652 and died 15 Feb 1730 at Swansea.  By 1676, she married Richard Haile. It is possible that Mary was not Richard’s first wife, as the marriage seems to have occurred when Richard was already in his mid-30s.  The lineage of Mary Bullock and Richard Haile (1640-1720) is continued under his heading.

St Germanus at Faulkbourne, Essex, England

St Germanus at Faulkbourne, Essex, England

[1] Some researchers have attempted to link Richard Bullock to the Bullock family of Faulkbourne Manor, Essex, England.  This theory makes Richard the son of Sir Edward Bullock of Faulkbourne (about 1580-1644), an English landowner who was knighted by King James I and a Cavalier during the English Civil War. Some of the sources claiming Edward as Richard’s father also state that Edward died in Massachusetts. However, Edward is known to be buried at the Church of St Germanus at Faulkbourne. Edward’s wife was Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas Wylde of Glazeley Hall ( -1599), Salop and Kempsey, Worcester and sister of Sir Edmund Wylde. These individuals have a documented noble English pedigree that extends back many generations, tracing its roots to the County of Berkshire in the twelfth century.  Notable members of the family of Arborfield, and later of Faulkbourne in Essex, include Robert Bullock ( -1405) Sheriff for the Counties of Berkshire and Oxfordshire, Sir Edward Bullock of Falkbourne, Edward Bullock (1663–1705) M.P and High Sheriff of Essex, Col. John Bullock (1731–1809) M.P and High Sheriff of Essex, Professor Walter Llewellyn Bullock (1890–1944) and Sir Christopher Bullock (1891–1972). Although our ancestor Richard Bullock could be connected in some way to this family (as could Henry or Edward Bullock who also appear around the same time in the colonial records of New England), there is no evidence that any of these men was a son of Sir Edward Bullock of Faulkbourne, and the relationship, if any, has not been discovered.

[2] Roger Williams (1603-1683) is my paternal 10th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading.

[3] John Billington (about 1580-1630) came to the Plymouth Colony on the famous voyage of the Mayflower in 1620 with his wife (Elinor) and two sons (John and Francis). He was also a signer of the Mayflower Compact. He soon made enemies with many aboard the ship and later became known as a troublemaker in the colony  (as were his sons). He was not a member of the Leyden congregation that dominated the colony’s life but had fled England to escape creditors. He became known as a foul-mouthed miscreant and knave, and the Billingtons were described by Gov. William Bradford as ye profanest family. In September 1630, after a heated argument over hunting rights, Billington fatally shot fellow colonist John Newcomen. He was convicted of murder and was the first person to be hanged for any crime in New England.

[4] John Myles (1621-1683) is my paternal 9th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading.

[5] The identity of this other “Richard Bullock” is unclear.  Apparently, there was another man of that name living in the New England area at that time.  Possibly this is the same Richard Bullock who appears on 9 Mar 1660 in the town records of Newtown, Long Island in connection with an agreement signed by a Richard Bullock and 32 others regarding the killing of wolves.

[6] His sister, Lydia Bowen (1666-1758) married my 8th g-grand uncle, Joseph Mason (1663-1748).



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