Born in England. Arrived in Massachusetts between 1645-49 and
Born in England. Arrived in Massachusetts before 1635 and possibly a few years prior.
There are various paths through which I am descended from Sampson Mason (1625-1676).
Sampson Mason, my immigrant ancestor, was born at Bolton, Lancashire, England in about 1625. He is the son of Robert Mason (born about 1600 at Bolton, Lancaster, England and died 28 May 1644 at Bolton) and Hannah Elizabeth Wheaton (born 1602 and died 8 Oct 1643, both at Bolton). Sampson has been variously described as a Baptist, a Radical and a Dragoon in the famous “Ironsides” Regiment commanded by Oliver Cromwell. Although there is the usual tradition about the “three brothers emigrating to America,” there is no evidence of any connection between the family of Sampson Mason, and the other New England families of that name, of which there are several. Sampson came to America sometime after Cromwells’s regiment gained the victory of Naseby (1645) and probably during the next two years spent in fruitless negotiations with the king and before the execution of Charles I on 20 Jan 1649. The exact date of Sampson‘s arrival or upon which ship he sailed is not now known. The earliest record found of him in America is in the Suffolk County (Massachusetts) record of the settlement of the estate of Edward Bullock (1580-1649), my 11th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading. In his will dated 25 Jul 1649, he mentions a debt to Sampson Mason for his wife’s shoes. As he was already set up in business in 1649, it is probable that the date of Sampson’s immigration was a few years prior.
On 9 Mar 1650, Sampson Mason is noted as being at Rehoboth, a town that changed names several times during the colonial period, as well as being shifted from Massachusetts to Rhode Island. He soon thereafter married Mary Butterworth. She is likely the daughter of Henry Butterworth, who resided at Weymouth, Massachusetts in 1635 and died there between 1635-49. Henry Butterworth is discussed under his own heading. In various documents of Rehoboth and Plymouth, both Sampson Mason and his wife, Mary, refer to a John Butterworth as brother, and this man could be another son of Henry.
In 1651 Sampson Mason purchased a house and land in Dorchester, Massachusetts from William Botts. He later sold this property to to Jacob Hewins and moved again to Rehoboth. Because he was a Baptist, Sampson was not allowed to be admitted as a Freeman but by a vote of the town’s Puritan inhabtants, he was permitted to dwell in the colony, as recorded in the records of Rehoboth:
December 9th, 1651. It was voted that Sampson Mason should have free liberty to sojourn with us, and to buy house, lands or meadow, if he see cause for his settlement, provided that he lives peaceably and quietly.
As a Baptist, this permission to “sojourn” was all that Sampson Mason could expect from his puritanical neighbors at Rehoboth. Their records show that Samuel Luther and other Baptists, who afterwards became prominent men of the colony, instead of being admitted as freemen, had accorded to them only the privileges of “sojourners”. At an early period, however, grants of lands south of Rehoboth were obtained from the Indians, and in 1667, Capt. Thomas Willett, Rev. John Myles and others, their neighbors at Wannamoiset and parts adjacent, were confirmed in their title to those lands, and formed into the township of Swansea, by the General Court at Plymouth. This grant followed a prosecution that had been brought against John Myles and other members of the Baptist community in July 1667, at which the Court at Plymouth had delivered its judgment as follows:
Mr. Myles and Mr. Brown for their breach of order in setting up of a public meeting without the knowledge and approbation of the Court, to the disturbance of the peace of the place are fined each of them the sum of five pounds and Mr. Tanner the sum of twenty shillings. And we judge that their continuance at Rehoboth being very prejudicial to the peace of that Church and that town may not be allowed and we therefore order all persons concerned therein wholly to desist from the said meeting in that place or Township within this month yet in case they shall remove their meeting to some other place where they shall not prejudice any other Church and shall give any reasonable satisfaction respecting their teachings we know not but they may be granted by this Court liberty so to do.
It was in accordance with this very plain intimation by the Court, that there would be no objection to the establishment of a Baptist Church outside the jurisdiction of any other church, that the town of Swansea was organized. Sampson Mason was one of the original Proprietors and a subscriber to an agreement, which took effect when the town was incorporated by the Court at Plymouth, in an order as follows:
March 5, 1668. The township of Wannamoisett and the parts adjacent are established as Swansey.
The agreement consisted of three articles was drawn up and signed by the intending settlers. This agreement provided (1) that no erroneous person should be admitted either as an inhabitant or sojourner of the town; (2) that no man of any evil behavior and no contentious person should be admitted and (3) that no man should be admitted who might become a charge upon the town. These three articles were explained to the satisfaction of the Court at Plymouth, an erroneous person being defined, among other matters, as one who denied the use or authority of the ministry or a comfortable maintenance to be sue them from such as partake of their teachings. This last clause was the keynote of the broad and liberal spirit of the founders of the new town. Throughout the Colonies of Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay, taxation for the support of the churches was general and no citizen was exempt by reason of non-membership in the Church. However, it became the unique custom of the Swansea pastors to expressly waive their right in this respect and to claim support only from those who sat under their teaching. Expressing also the right of liberty of conscience, the town records show a consistent adherence to this tenet, and various prosecutions were dismissed because the spirit of the original agreement allowed to every man freedom of belief in matters of religion.
Sampson Mason probably became a member of the First Baptist Church about this time, and the family tradition that he was converted to the Baptist faith by Rev. John Myles may rest upon a substantial foundation, although the tendency of his religious leaning was manifest prior to this time. During his residence in Dorchester, Sampson evidently had some connection with the Puritan church, possibly through his wife, and had not then arrived at the conclusion that infant baptism was wrong or useless, for his son Noah was baptized in 1652 without protest or any evidence of disapproval on his part. However, in 1660 when his son John was brought to baptism in the First Church of Dorchester by John Gurnell, he expressed his disapproval while giving his consent.
In 1672 Sampson Mason was allotted twelve acres of land in Swansea and it is probable that upon this lot the house alluded to in his will was to be erected, it being a requirement that lands allotted should be improved or forfeited to the Proprietors in general. There is no evidence, however, that he ever removed permanently to Swansea. Sampson Mason died around the time of King Philip’s War, and his burial was recorded at Rehoboth on 15 Sep 1676. His personal estate was large for his time and conveyances by his sons of property acquired through his bequests show an extensive real estate amounting to many hundreds of acres. From the will he left and a list of possessions at the time of his passing, it can be seen he did quite well in life, most likely from the land speculation he took part in. His estate was valued at £155.
During King Phillip’s War, which broke out shortly before his death, his widow contributed £13.5.10, the ninth largest in the list of contributions from Rehoboth. She spent the latter part of her life with her daughter Mary who married Elder Ephraim Wheaton, pastor of the First Baptist Church of Swansea. He resided at Rehoboth. The will of Mary Butterworth (Mason) is dated in that town, and her death is recorded there as having occurred 29 Aug 1714.
The following information provides context to the situation of Mason family and is adapted from Alverdo Hayward Mason:
“The mild sway of the Plymouth Pilgrims, who were relatviely tolerant, except when under pressure from Puritan Boston, was further modified in the western section of the Colony by the freedom of the Rhode Island system of government, and to this part of the Colony had come many men who sought the liberty of belief denied to them elsewhere. The enthusiastic fanatics of every creed and form of belief had found their way to Rhode Island where, coupled with liberty, general confusion and disquiet, appear to have prevailed for may years before the settlers learned to bear and forbear and to compromise their varying theories of freedom. In particular, Rehoboth, Swansea and the neighboring towns of Plymouth Colony seem to have attracted men of liberal minds who sought to work out their theories in an orderly manner and with due regard for the rights and opinions of those who differed with them…
…Under the liberal teachings of these leaders, the sons and grandsons of Sampson Mason grew and thrived and in turn themselves became leaders. About 1680 a new Church arose upon a yet more liberal basis and was the Mason Family Church and almost a family institution. Without any creed except such as is contained in the first and second verses [of Chapter 6] of the Epistle to the Hebrews, it was strictly independent and for long periods had no affiliation with any other Church and was remarkable as the forerunner of the liberal spirit which was not to prevail until a much later generation than its own should appear. This Church as not formally organized until 1693, but from that date until 1813, its leading spirits were sons, grandsons and great grandsons of Sampson Mason. The first pastor was Thomas Barnes, Isaac Mason being Deacon; but in 1706 Joseph Mason was chosen pastor and succeeded by others of the family until the death of Elder Benjamin Mason in 1813. The family flourished and grew in numbers in its ancestral home until after the close of the French and Indian War when the dispersion began. Up to this time the various branches of the family had, for the most part, remained in Swansea and Rehoboth; but now the pressure westward, which was to continue for generations, began to make itself felt with irresistible force.”
Alverdo Hayward Mason then proceeds to outline, in a general way, the migration patterns of future generations:
“The first movement however was to the eastward and it is probable that the glowing accounts of the rich territory about the Bay of Fundy, which had been brought back by soldiers returning from the siege of Louisburg, induced the attempt at colonization, as well as the settled plan of the British Crown to displace the French inhabitants with its own adherents; but this attempt proved abortive and, displeased with the provincial laws and customs, the colonists returned to their old homes. Some attempt was also made at this time to settle in the northern tier of Massachusetts towns along the New Hampshire border; and an occasional member of the family migrated in that direction; but there was no general movement until just prior to the Revolution when the trend became distinctly westward.
About 1770 the rapid development of Berkshire County in the Province of the Massachusetts Bay began. Colonies were formed in Rhode Island and the neighboring sections of Massachusetts to settle the wild country among the Berkshire Hills and scores of families of the Mason name joined in this movement. Adams, Lanesborough (from which Cheshire was largely taken), Windsor, Cummington, Savoy and neighboring towns received each its quota from the family and the westward movement was fairly under way. During the Revolution a desire to escape from the danger of British raids drove some to the new lands of Connecticut, but the movement was still westward.
After the Revolution the migration continued. Young men of Berkshire County who had served against Burgoyne and had learned of the great fertility of the rich valleys of New York, removed to that State upon marriage, and it became almost a general custom for newly wedded couples to seek homes there. There were some stragglers to the northward into New Hampshire and Vermont, and the towns along the western border of the latter State had many families of the race; but their descendants submitted to the general law and took up the westward march.
About 1790 there was an independent movement from the old home of the family in and near Swansea to the Mohawk Valley, and this continued until about 1820 and brought together in New York, branches of the family among which all knowledge of a common origin had been lost. The removal of one member of the family induced others to follow.
Land speculation, a prominent feature from the earliest days, was rampant and family letters of the period were filled with eager inquiries as to the availability, fertility and healthfulness of the new lands, and questions as to the prospect of a rise in values, markets etc. From this point the westward move continued until there was no State nor Territory from New England to the Pacific, north of Mason and Dixon’s Line, which had not many members of the family within its borders. So comprehensive was the plan, so fixed its general rule, that it is almost possible to predict with accuracy where a missing link can be found; and a knowledge of the rule has many times enabled the compiler to place stray families with assurance and to confirm by positive and unimpeachable evidence the correctness of his placing.
The Sampson Mason family was not alone in this movement, for it affected all the old families of Swansea and Rehoboth and the section in which these towns lie, and it is probable that as colonizing centres few towns in the thirteen colonies excelled these. The colonists carried with them their customs, and especially their broad liberality, to have an enormous effect upon the new communities of the West. The Pre-emption Act, School laws, system of taxation, and other matters of public administration were the survival of old principles and methods familiar in colonial days although their origin is often forgotten.”
Sampson Mason and Mary Butterworth had a large family. The records vary, as very old records are apt to do. Many children died in infancy, and some children born years later were renamed with the names of those that did not survive. Their known children are listed as follows: (1) Noah, born about 1651 at Dorchester, Massachusetts and died 2 Mar 1700. He married (1st) Martha [surname unknown] who died in 1675 and in 1677 married (2nd) Sarah Fitch, who died in 1718; (2) Sampson (Jr.), born 1654 at Dorchester and died 21 Jan 1744. He married (possibly 2nd) Abigail Barstow. Sampson (Jr.) served in the company of Capt. Michael Pierce during the Naragansett campaign during King Philip’s War; (3) Samuel, born about 1656 probably at Dorchester and died 25 Jan 1744. He married (1st) Elisabeth Miller and briefly before her death in 1718 he married (2nd) Lydia (Masters) Taber; (4) John, born 1656 at Dorchester and died 18 Mar 1683. He married Content Wales. He did not remove to Rehoboth with the rest of his father’s family, but was left at Dorchester with a Mr. John Gurnell, and he was there brought up at the tanner’s business; (5) Sarah, born 15 Feb 1658 at Rehoboth, Massachusetts and died about 28 Jan 1712. She married (1st) Samuel Phillips and (2nd) Daniel Brown; (6) Mary, born 7 Feb 1660 and died 15 Nov 1727, both at Rehoboth, Massachusetts. She married Ephraim Wheaton; (7) James, born 30 Oct 1661 at Rehoboth. According to one source, he went to Boston and was never heard from again; (8) Joseph, born 6 Mar 1663 at Rehoboth and died 19 May 1748. He married (1st) Anne Daggett and (2nd) Lydia Bowen; (9) Bethiah, born 15 Oct 1665 at Rehoboth and died before 1711. She married John Wood (1663-1726); (10) Isaac Mason, see below; (11) Pelatiah Mason, see below; (12) Benjamin, born 20 Oct 1670 at Rehoboth and died Aug 1740. He married Ruth Rounds and (13) Thankful, born 27 Oct 1672 at Rehoboth and died after 1730. She married Thomas Bowen.
I am descended from two of the sons of Sampson Mason and Mary Butterworth: Isaac Mason (1667-1742) and Pelatiah Mason (1669-1763).
Descent though Isaac Mason
Isaac Mason was born 15 Jul 1667 at Rehoboth, Massachusetts and died 25 Jan 1742 at Swansea, Massachusetts. In 1693 he married Hannah Myles, who was born 5 Jan 1669 at Rehoboth and died 25 Jan 1741 at Swansea. Isaac was the first Deacon of the Second Baptist Church in Swansea. Soon after the church’s organization in 1693, the church’s records indicate that our beloved brother, Isaac Mason, was chosen and ordained Deacon. He held this office until his death, nearly fifty years later.
Isaac’s name is not mentioned in his mother’s will, probably because he was not indebted to her. She had divided her husband’s estate among her sons some years before her death and made a bequest only to Sampson, appointing as trustees, the older sons, Samuel and Joseph and naming Pelatiah and a Benjamin as indebted to her. Isaac Mason was a shoemaker by trade and lived in Rehoboth for some years until 1706 when he and his wife, Hannah, removed removed to Swansea. He was undoubtedly buried in his family burial lot, near his home on the north side of Swansea. His wife, Hannah, was living when his will was made in 1741, but the precise date of her death is unknown.
The children of Isaac Mason and Hannah Myles are listed as follows:
- Isaac, born 26 Dec 1698 at Rehoboth, Massachusetts and died 25 Feb 1732 at Swansea, Massachusetts. He married Mary Fiske on 9 Jan 1723 at Swansea.
- Sampson Mason, see below.
- Hezekiah, born 6 Jun 1704 at Rehoboth and died 4 Apr 1738 at Swansea. He married Rebecca Martin on 23 Jul 1730 at Swansea.
- Nathan Mason, see below.
- Oliver, born 20 Aug 1706 and died 11 Dec 1787, both at Swansea. He married Martha Cole on 19 Dec 1728 at Swansea.
- Hannah, born in Mar 1710 at Swansea and died 26 Feb 1697. She married Samuel Lewis on 27 Dec 1727 at Swansea.
- Benjamin, born and died 10 Apr 1711 at Swansea.
- Mary, born 26 Jan 1696 at Rehoboth. She married Nathan Bowen on 18 Dec 1737 at Swansea.
I am descended from two of the sons of Isaac Mason and Hannah Myles: Sampson Mason (1700-1731) and Nathan Mason (1705-1758):
- Sampson Mason was born 24 Feb 1700 at Rehoboth and died 25 Oct 1731 at Swansea. He married Experience Lewis on 26 Sep 1723 at Swansea. Their daughter, Hannah Mason, was born 4 Feb 1728 and died 4 Feb 1798. On 3 Jun 1753 she married John Baker (IV), who was born 26 Aug 1720 and died 1764. Their lineage is continued under the heading of John Baker (1633-1695).
- Nathan Mason was born 10 May 1705 at Rehoboth and died 17 May 1758 at Swansea. He married Lillis Haile on 26 Aug 1731 at Swansea. The son of Nathan and Lillis, Jesse Mason, was born 21 Mar 1737 at Swansea and died 17 Oct 1823 at Lanesboro, Massachusetts. On 22 Mar 1758 he married Lois Mason, who was born 23 Feb 1737 at Swansea and died 1 Sep 1788 at Lanesboro. About 1770 or a little later he moved from Swansea to Lanesborough. Jesse was a carpenter by trade. In the Revolutionary War, Jesse served as a private in Capt. Daniel Brown’s company, Col. Benjamin Simon’s regiment in 1777 and 1780 (Massachusetts Troops), and it is thought that he was at the Battle of Bennington. The daughter of Jesse Mason and Lois Mason is Lydia Mason, born 4 Jul 1765 at Swansea and died 17 Sep 1812 at Ft. Washington, New York. On 8 Jan 1783 she married Reuben Baker, who was born about 1758 at Rehoboth and died 19 Oct 1811 at Ft. Washington, New York. Their lineage is continued under the heading of John Baker (1633-1695).
Descent through Pelatiah Mason
Pelatiah Mason was born 1 Apr 1669 at Rehoboth and died 29 Mar 1763 at Swansea. He married Hephsibeth Brooks. She was born 23 Feb 1673 at Billerica, Massachusetts and died 24 Aug 1727 at Swansea. Hephsibeth is the daughter of Timothy Brooks and Mary Russell, and both the surnames “Brooks” and “Russell” were used in subsequent generations of the Mason family as given names.
A tradition, probably from the records gathered by a grandson of Pelatiah Mason, says that Peletiah married a second, third and fourth wife and lived with the last wife for twenty-one years. This is possible, but there appears to be no recorded proof of any but the first marriage, and the conveyances by Pelatiah Mason recorded after the death of his wife Hepsibeth, make no mention of a wife, nor is there any release of dower.
Pelatiah became the head of the clerical branch of the family of Sampson Mason, and three of his sons (Job, Russell and John) were successively ministers of the Second Baptist church in Swansea.
Peletiah Mason was a tanner and shoemaker by trade, and his homestead was on the highway leading from the Great Bridge (now known as Myles Bridge) to Mattapoisett, now Gardner’s Neck in Swansea. He made no will, having distributed his real estate among his sons some years prior to his death. On 28 Apr 1724, he conveyed to his eldest son Job, a lot of forty acres of land probably adjoining his own homestead. On 31 Aug 1747, he conveyed to his sons Job, Russell and John, several lots of land for love and small sums of money and it is probable that these lots included all of his real estate. He held several minor town offices in Swansea and appears to have been an active member of the Second Church. He died 29 Mar 1763 and was buried in a small family lot in an orchard probably, a part of the homestead conveyed to his son Job in 1724. The location is a little more than a mile north-west from the meeting-house of the Second Church. His grave is marked by a rough field stone bearing the inscription P.M. — 94 — 1763. The grave of his wife is marked by a similar stone inscribed H. M. 1727.
The record of the death of Pelatiah Mason, copied from the town Books of Swansea, is as follows:
Pelatiah Mason of Swansea, deceased this life March ye 29 1763, aged 94 years, and the last survivor of six bretheren: the youngest was 70 years of age when he deceased.
The children of Pelatiah Mason and Hephzibah Brooks are listed as follows: (1) Job, born 28 Feb 1695 at Swansey and died 17 Jul 1775; (2) Elihu, born 1 Jan 1696 and died 11 Apr 1719; (3) Elisha, born 11 Jan 1699 and died 25 Jul 1760; (4) Samuel, born 30 Jan 1701 and died 1709; (5) Aaron, born 8 Mar 1703 and died 24 Dec 1731; (6) Anne, born 9 Jun 1706 and died 26 May 1776; (7) Elizabeth, born 18 Jun 1707 and died 1795; (8) Hepsibeth, born 1709 and died 1731; (9) Peletiah Mason (Jr.), see below; (10) Russell, born 1714 and died 1799 and (11) John, born 1716 and died 1801.
Pelatiah Mason (Jr.) was born 16 Dec 1711 at Swansea and died 29 Sep 1781 at Cumberland, Rhode Island. On 22 Nov 1733 at Swansea he married Hannah Haile, who was born 17 Sep 1716 and died 15 Dec 1791. Their daughter, Lois Mason, was born 23 Feb 1737 at Swansea and died 1 Sep 1788 at Lanesboro, Massachusetts. On 22 Mar 1758, she married her cousin Jesse Mason, who was born 21 Mar 1737 at Swansea and died 17 Oct 1823 at Lanesboro, Massachusetts.
Lois Mason is mentioned as follows in Peletiah’s will dated 16 May 1781 (Cumberland, Rhode Island):
Item. I Give to my well Beloved Daughter, Lowis Mason, one Cow, and five Silver Spanish Mill’d Dollars, to be paid and Delivered to her by my Executors within three months after my Decease.
The daughter of Jesse Mason and Lois Mason is Lydia Mason, born 4 Jul 1765 at Swansea and died 17 Sep 1812 at Ft. Washington, New York. On 8 Jan 1783 she married Reuben Baker, who was born about 1758 at Rehoboth and died 19 Oct 1811 at Ft. Washington, New York. Their lineage is continued under the heading of John Baker (1633-1695).
 Sampson Mason is my 9th g-grandfather through two of the children of his son, Isaac (1667-1742), and through his son Pelatiah (1705-1758). Isaac’s lines reconnect in 1758 with the marriage of Jesse Mason (1737-1823) and his 1st cousin, Lois Mason (1737-1788), and all three lines reconnect in 1783 with the marriage of their daughter, Lydia Mason (1765-1812) and her 2nd cousin, Reuben Baker (1758-1811).
 Both Sampson’s father and an uncle are thought to have died in the Bolton Massacre, sometimes recorded as the “Storming of Bolton”, during the English Civil War, On 28 May 1644, the strongly Parliamentarian town was stormed and captured by the Royalist forces under Prince Rupert of the Rhine. It was alleged that up to 1,600 of Bolton’s defenders and inhabitants were slaughtered during and after the fighting. The “massacre at Bolton” later became a staple of Parliamentarian propaganda.
 Including John Mason (1600-1672), my paternal 9th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading.
 The Ironsides were troopers in the Parliamentarian cavalry formed by English political leader Oliver Cromwell in the 17th century, during the English Civil War. The name came from “Old Ironsides”, one of Cromwell’s nicknames. The Battle of Naseby was the key battle of the first English Civil War. On 14 June 1645, the main army of King Charles I was destroyed by the Parliamentarian New Model Army commanded by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell.
 The relationship if any between Mary Butterworth and Sarah(?) Butterworth, the first wife of Pardon Tillinghast (1622-1718), my paternal 9th g-grandfather, is unclear.
 The form of vote was not essentially different from that ordinarily employed and merely expressed the town’s reservation of its right to expel unruly or obnoxious inhabitants.
 Plymouth Colony Records. Vol. 4, part 1, page 163.
 Plymouth Colony Records. Vol. 4, page 175.
 John Myles (1621-1683) is my 9th g-grandfather, discussed under his own heading.
 Printed Records of the First Church of Dorchester, Mass., page 191.
 Ephraim Wheaton is the son of Robert Wheaton (1606-1696) and Alice Bowen (1618-1693). The relationship, if any, between Ephraim or Robert and Hannah Wheaton, the mother of Sampson Mason, is unclear.
 Hebrews 6:1-2. Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God, of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. The Six Principles Baptist denomination is discussed at greater length in a footnote under the heading of Pardon Tillinghast (1622-1718).
 This company was involved in one of the most notorious engagements of that war, when on On 26 Mar 1676, Pierce led approximately 60 Plymouth Colony colonial troops and 20 Wampanoag Christian Indians in pursuit of Narragansett Indians who had earlier burned several Rhode Island towns and attacked Plymouth, Massassachusets. Pierce’s troops caught up with the Narragansett Indians, Wampanoag, Nashaway, Nipmuck and Podunk but were ambushed in what is now Central Falls, Rhode Island. His troops fought the Narragansetts for several hours, but were finally surrounded by a larger force of Narragansetts. The battle was one of the biggest defeats of colonial troops during King Philip’s War with nearly all killed in the battle, including Captain Pierce and the Christian Indians (“Praying Indians”) (exact numbers vary by account somewhat). The Narragansetts lost only a handful of warriors. Nine of the colonists who were among the dead were first taken prisoner (along with a tenth man who survived). These men were purportedly tortured to death by the Narragansetts at a site in Cumberland, Rhode Island, currently on the Cumberland Monastery and Library property. The nine dead colonists were buried by the English soldiers who found the corpses, and the soldiers created a pile of stones to memorialize the colonists. This pile is believed to be the oldest veterans’ memorial in the United States, and a cairn of stones has continuously marked the site since 1676.
 Lydia Taber (1640-1720) was the widow of Rev. Pardon Tillinghast (1622-1718). They are my 9th g-grandparents, discussed under their own heading.
 He is the son of Thomas Wood (1622-1704), my 8th g-grandfather, and his unknown second wife, making him the brother of my 7th g-grandmother, Susannah Wood (1687-1748).
 She is Jesse’s 1st cousin on his mother’s side and also his 2nd cousin on his father’s side.
 He is Lydia’s 2nd cousin on her father’s side and also her 3rd cousin on her mother’s side.
 Their cousin Nathan Mason, a son of Sampson and grandson of Deacon Isaac Mason, was also a contemporary of the three clerical sons of Pelatiah Mason. Nathan gathered a Church in Swansea and emigrated with them to Sackville, New Brunswick in 1763. After residing at that place about eight years, he returned to Massachusetts and settled in what is now Cheshire, Berkshire County.
 New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume 18.
 From the same source, it states that his siblings “must have been Sampson, Samuel, Joseph, Isaac and Benjamin”.